Image @ Cordis Europa Eu
The IoT – Internet of Things is enabled with sensor, software and other technologies for the web-enabled or IoT enabled devices to Communicate with each other. It has multiple technologies in it. It acquires data from various devices an analyzes the data and shares the useful and required data to the respective devices. IoT has many application which is used for the forms as well as the day to day life of the humans.
But will it be able to help the agriculture too? Yes, In August 2018, Toyota Tsusho Started a partnership with Microsoft to create the fish farming tool using the Microsoft Azure application, suite for IoT technologies related to the water management. The Kindai University researchers moved a step forward and developed, the water pump mechanisms uses the artificial intelligence to count the number of fish and analyses capacity of the water flow.
Images @ IT Web Africa
The other IoT app in farming helps in gathering data on soil content, wind speed, prediction of rainfall, humidity, temperature, etc. These farming techniques helps the farmers to make a wise decisions and be prepared for the uncertain situations. By using this IoT, the wastage is reduced and it increases and improves the quality of the crops productivity.
The farming industry with IoT enabled devices are known as the “Smart farming”. The IoT system helps to monitor by the use of sensors and automation in irrigations. These types of smart farming leads to “Third green revolution”. When farming is more connected to the technical devices and artificial intelligence, the productivity will increase and the workload of man will be reduced.
FUTURE OF SMART FARMING
The farmers have gained more productivity and these smart devices used in agriculture helps to predict and reduce the downfall. In the old times, farmers used to spray pesticides and fertilizers to the crops manually but when it comes to smart farming the automated devices sprays faster and does all the work efficiently the drones fly can't spray fertilizers 40 to 60 times faster than the manual method.
The benefits of this smart farming is more, such as it enhances the quality and quantity of the production to maintain the higher level standard. The wastage is reduced and cost of production will be under control of the farmers. The risk is prevented. The efficiency by the automated devices helping the multiple tasks like crop cutting, irrigation, can fertilization, pest control. This smart sensors acquired the data and these collection of various data helps in the risk management.
The major essential devices for the irrigation, crop monitoring and other analysis of the field is the ‘Drones’. It collects the images while flying and gathers the information like plant’s state, Soil content, plant height, counting, drainage mapping, etc. The IoT forming technology has the specialized software and connectivity through the cellular and other network standards. The data analytics, GPS, and other applications are the tools used by the farmers for high tech farming is known as the “Precision farming”.
The plants and the cattle are treated by the determined machines with superhuman accuracy. It prevents diseases and health issues. Cattle owners uses this wireless IoT for the identifications of sick animals to separate from the herd and treat them beforehand.
Image @ Netstratum
IoT Changes The Future Of Agriculture
As I already mentioned, the smart farming is also named as the third green revolution. It changed the old manual method of farming and cattle monitoring. The potential of more productivity and better food traceability has more and more benefits. The Data Analysis, Artificial Intelligence, Satellite, LoRa creates great impact on Agriculture. This concept helps both Consumer and the farmers.