How can the use of Iot help in saving and managing energy?
It is no wonder that factories aim always at reducing costs. The energy production is among the aspects that are cost-demanding. So, lots of effort are made in order to cut the cost and save energy. Well, this is not a new concept, but the intervention of Iot in the energy sector is. In fact, it was possible to save energy but it took a lot of time in order to do so. In the present article, we will give a brief synopsis of the positive impact of Iot in conserving energy.
In fact, it is all about connecting sensors which are used to collect and transmit data in real time. There are many different sensors which are developed for various sectors among which is the energy production. These sensors aim at optimizing the performance of energy systems. Given the large number of these sensors, few examples shall be discussed in the present article with the intention of giving a general idea about how these sensors work and how they help in the management of energy.
A significant and typical environmental parameter is temperature. Temperature sensors are used to track system heating and cooling fluctuations. The basic concept of power generation in the energy sector is the method of converting mechanical energy into electrical energy, while mechanical energy is derived from heat energy, such as thermal, wind, water flow, and solar power plants. These conversions of energy are obtained by means of heat, i.e. temperature. The temperature sensors are used on the energy consumption side to optimize a system's efficiency as temperature changes during normal operations.
Humidity sensors are used to differentiate between the volume of humidity and the humidity of the air. For a given air temperature, the ratio of humidity in the air to the maximum level of humidity is called relative humidity. In the energy sector, humidity sensor applications are wide. They, for starters, are used in the production of wind energy. It is also vital to use humidity sensors on wind turbines if the turbines are located offshore (due to the high level of moisture in the air). Moisture sensors can be mounted in the nacelle and at the bottom of the wind turbine and provide continuous monitoring of moisture. This helps operators to take action on changes or anomalies in the operating conditions of the turbine, resulting in more reliable operations, optimized efficiency and reduced energy costs.
Light sensors are used to measure the luminance (level of ambient light) or a light's brightness. Light sensors have many uses in industrial and everyday consumer applications when it comes to energy consumption. Lighting, which accounts for approximately 15 percent of overall electricity use is the key cause of energy use. Around 20 per cent of electricity is used for lighting on a global scale. Therefore, by turning on-and-off or dimming the light levels, light sensors can be used to automatically monitor lighting levels indoors and outdoors in that the electrical light levels can be automatically changed in response to changes in ambient light. In this way, the energy needed for indoor lighting can be minimized.
The ultimate aim of the smart factory is to create a real-time energy audit that traditional energy management systems do not sustain. IoT-enabled energy monitoring can solve many issues that are key to hindering a plant from real efforts to conserve energy. This not only saves money, but paves the way for the complete launch of Industry 4.0. So If you run a factory and are trying to cut energy costs, IoT is worth a closer look.